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Cultural & Theme
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My Son Sanctuary is good for
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Why My Son Sanctuary is special ?
- Explore the ancient beauty of the Champa Kingdom towers from the 7th century.
- Enjoy the beauty of Champa royal dance!
- Explore how the ancient Cham people made the bricks and what kinds of mortar they used to stick the bricks together.
- Study the special architecture in temples, carvings on sculpture, steles.
What to explore at My Son Sanctuary?
My Son Sanctuary Introduction
My Son Sanctuary is located in Duy Phu commune, Duy Xuyen district, Quang Nam province. It is about 69 km from Da Nang city and about 20 km from the ancient citadel of Tra Kieu. My Son Sanctuary is a complex consisting of many Champa temples in a valley with a diameter of about 2 km, surrounded by hills.
In 1999, My Son Sanctuary was selected by UNESCO as one of the World Heritage Sites. It is a good example of cultural exchange and the only evidence of Asian civilization has disappeared.
My Son Holy Land History
My Son Sanctuary Hoi An has probably started construction in the 4th century. For centuries, this sanctuary was added with large and small towers and became the center of Champa culture in Vietnam.
In addition to the function of performing ceremonies, helping dynasties reach the gods, My Son was also the cultural and religious center of the Champa kingdom and the burial place for powerful kings and priests.
The first relics found to mark the time of King Bhadravarman I (Pham Ho Dat) (reigned from 381 to 413), the king built a temple to worship linga and Shiva. My Son was heavily influenced by India both in architecture - shown in temples steeped in the splendor of the past, and in culture - embodied in ancient Sanskrit inscriptions on stelae.
What made My Son Sanctuary special?
Based on the other inscriptions, it is known that this place once had the first temple made of wood in the 4th century. More than 2 centuries later, the temple was destroyed in a major fire. At the beginning of the 7th century, King Sambhuvarman (Pham Phan Chi) (reigned from 577 to 629) used bricks to rebuild the temple that still exists today.
The kings then continued to repair the old temples and build new temples to worship the gods. Brick is a good material to retain the memories of mysterious people and the Cham tower construction technique is still a secret. We have not found yet an appropriate answer regarding how the Cham people made their bricks and what kind of glue to stick them all together.
My Son Sanctuary architecture
With more than 70 stone brick structures, built from the 7th to the 13th century, My Son became the most important architectural center of the Kingdom of Champa. The main temples in My Son worship a Linga or the sculpture of Shiva - the protector of the Champa kings. The god worshiped in My Son is Bhadrésvara, the king who founded the first king of the Amaravati region in the late 4th century combined with the name Shiva, becoming the main religious worship of the god-king and royal ancestors.
With bricks and sandstone, Cham people have erected a unique and continuous architectural complex of temples for centuries: The main temple worships Linga-Yoni, a symbol of creative capacity. Next to the main tower (Kalan) are the towers for containing holy water as well as the offerings.
Although the Vietnam war has turned many towers into ruins, the remaining sculptural and architectural artifacts still up to this day still leave the historical period of Cham art and history. The masterpieces mark a glorious time for Cham culture and architecture in Vietnam as well as Southeast Asia.
My Son Sanctuary Hoi An has two hills, they are facing each other in the east-west direction at the crossroads of a stream, the branches of the stream divide this area into 4 areas. This division is consistent with the feng shui terrain, avoiding the tearing of the debris of the overall architecture of each tower that was previously published by French archaeologist H. Parmentier in 1904.
- Zone A: consists of towers and monuments located on the east hill
- Zone B: consists of towers and monuments lying on the hill to the west
- Zone C: consists of towers and monuments in the south, there are two areas C1 and C2
- Zone D: consists of towers and monuments to the north
- Zone A has 5 architectures: 1 main tower and 4 auxiliary towers
Zone A can be considered as the holiest area that describes the whole philosophy of the kingdom or the Shimhapura region. Champa sculptors and ancient artists composed according to the real image, not stylized like the works in other places, the image of the genitals worshiped very respectfully here, in addition, Zone A is one of an entire architectural complex with the most philosophical and worshiping characteristic of the art of using bricks and terracotta to decorate the tower of the Champa people in the golden age of this kingdom. In all, 46 architectures can be counted in approximately 70 architecture of this Holy Land.
Zone B has 4 architectures: 1 main tower and 3 auxiliary towers
Zone B is the smallest of the architectural complex here, the main tower does not have the accompanying auxiliary structures such as Fire Tower, Water Tower ... like other towers of Champa. However, the Shiva sculpture has become the main breathing topic of this area.
Zone C is divided into C1 and C2, C1 in the east is surrounded by a stream of 16 architectures (4 architecture scattered outside and 12 inside): 2 main towers with 8 auxiliary towers, 1 main tower, and 2 auxiliary towers come with some stone sculptures. C2 is located in the west including 26 architectures (6 outside and 20 inside): 3 main towers and 12 auxiliary towers with a number of statues, reliefs, sculptures, and stone inscriptions. Zone C is the area with the most towers and sculptures.
Zone D has 12 architectures (1 outer and 11 inside): 2 main towers, and 4 auxiliary towers, including 1 main tower without auxiliary towers with some stone sculptures.
My Son today still majestically taciturn but also carries with him many pains of the past, let us respectfully preserve, for the future and also for the past.
How to visit My Son Holy Land?
My Son Sanctuary Entrance Fee
To visit My Son Sanctuary, you have to buy an entrance ticket. It costs VND 150,000 for adults and VND 30,000 for children. My Son Sanctuary opening hours are from 7 am to 5 pm every day even on the lunar new year.
My Son Sanctuary ticket price includes entrance fee, golf car transfer, and Cham dance performance.
- Sun cream.
- Cameras, phones.
Duy Phú, Duy Xuyên, Quảng Nam
Duy Phú, Duy Xuyên, Quảng Nam
My Son Sanctuary serves Private/Joined tour.
(1 - Unlimit participants.)6.50 USD
(1 - Unlimit participants.)6.50 USD